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HI1131S

Refillable Combination pH Electrode with Screw Connector

$145.00

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Perfect for any laboratory use, the HI1131S is a s a glass-bodied combination pH electrode with a screw connector.


With a double junction design and the ability to change out contaminated electrolyte, this economical pH electrode ensures great results in your laboratory and clean water testing.

  • High temperature glass can stand up to the effects of elevated temperatures leading to longer probe life.
  • Double junction design to prevent against contamination.
  • Great for general laboratory use.

Details

Hanna Instruments offers a wide variety of pH electrodes that are designed for many different applications. The type of glass used for sensing pH, bulb shape, body material, type of junction, type of reference and electrolyte used are just some of the design considerations.

The HI1131S uses high temperature (HT) glass, spherical bulb, glass body, single ceramic frit, double junction and is refillable with 3.5M KCl.

ht glass

 

High Temperature Glass Formulation

The measurement of pH at very high temperatures is detrimental to the sensitive glass bulb and will shorten the life of it. A pH electrode with general purpose (GP) glass will have a resistance of 100 megaohms at 25oC while the resistance of HT glass is around 400 megaohms at 25oC. As the HI1131S is used at elevated temperatures the resistance decreases to approach the that of GP glass. The HI1131S is suitable to use with samples that measure from 0 to 100oC.

conical tip

 

Spherical Glass Tip

The spherical bulb is for general purpose use. Other tip shapes include conic for penetration and flat tip for surface measurements.

 

glass body

Glass Body

The glass body is ideal for laboratory use. The glass is resistant to many harsh chemicals and is easily cleaned. The glass body also allows for a fast transfer of heat to the internal reference electrolyte. The mV generated by the reference cell is temperature dependent. The faster the electrode reaches equilibrium, the steadier the reference potential.


single ceramic double junction

Single Ceramic Double Junction Reference

The HI1131S is a double junction design. pH electrodes are available as single junction or double junction. See below for a complete description of the differences. The junction also known as a salt bridge is necessary component of the electrical circuit. The movement of ions must flow through the junction for a steady reading. The outer reference has a single ceramic frit. The ceramic is a porous material that is easily fused with the glass body and has a similar expansion coefficient. A single ceramic junction has a flow rate of 15-20 μL/hour. Other junction types are available with higher flow rates and made with different materials.

 

refillable

Refillable

The HI1131S is a refillable probe. Since it is a double junction combination ph electrode the fill solution is the HI7082 3.5M KCl. This solution does not contain any silver as with single junction electrode. The absence of silver will prevent any silver precipitate from forming at the junction surface and clogging it. Clogging of the junction will result in drifty and erratic readings.  

 

Screw Connector

BNC Connector

The HI1131S uses a screw connector. Screw connectors attach directly to the meter and can also be made interchangeable with other meters by using a Hanna BNC extension cables.


 

 

Single Junction Versus Double Junction pH Electrodes


structure of glass electrode

Conventional electrodes are normally single junction. As depicted by the glass electrode diagram above, these electrodes have only a single junction between the internal refernce wire and the external solution. Under adverse conditions, such as high pressure, high temperature, highly acidic or alkaline solutions, the positive flow of the electrolyte through the junction is often reversed resulting in the ingress of sample solution into the reference compartment. If this is left unchecked, the reference electrode can become contaminated, leading to complete electrode failure. Another potential problem with single junction electrodes is the clogging of the junction due to silver chloride (AgCl) precipitation. Silver can be easily precipitate in samples that contain Tris buffer or heavy metals. When the electrolyte solution makes contact with the sample, some AgCl will precipitate on the external face of the junction. The result is drifty readings obtained from the sensor.

Hanna’s double junction system, as the name implies, has two junctions, only one of which is in contact with the sample as shown in the figure. Under adverse conditions, the same tendency of sample ingress is evident. However, as the reference electrode system is separated physically from the intermediate electrolyte area, the contamination of the electrode is minimized. The likelihood of clogging of the junction is also reduced with a double junction electrode since the outer reference cell uses a fill solution that is “silver-free”. Since there is no silver present, there is no precipitate that can form to clog the junction.

Specifications

Body Material glass
Reference double, Ag/AgCl
Junction / Flow Rate ceramic, single / 15-20 μL/h
Electrolyte 3.5M KCl
Range pH: 0 to 13
Max Pressure 0.1 bar
Tip Shape spheric (dia: 9.5 mm)
Recommended Operating Temperature 0 to 100°C (32 to 212°F) - HT
Temperature Sensor no
Matching Pin no
Amplifier no
Digital no
Cable coaxial; 1 m (3.3’)
Connection BNC
Applications general purpose, high temperatures, laboratory general purpose
Warranty 6 months

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